Imperial Cleaning

Inside the NSA's War on Internet Security

After the disbandment of the U.

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Network Security Appliance Series Overview:

The multi-engine sandbox platform, which includes virtualized sandboxing, full system emulation and hypervisor level analysis technology, executes suspicious code and analyzes behavior. When a file is identified as malicious, a hash is immediately created within Capture and later a signature is sent to firewalls to prevent follow-on attacks. Capture provides an at-a-glance threat analysis dashboard and reports, which detail the analysis results for files sent to the service, including source, destination and a summary plus details of malware action once detonated.

For highly regulated organizations wanting to achieve a fully coordinated security governance, compliance and risk management strategy, the optional SonicWall Global Management System GMS provides administrators a unified, secure and extensible platform to manage SonicWall firewalls, wireless access points and switches through a correlated and auditable workstream process.

GMS enables enterprises to easily consolidate the management of security appliances, reduce administrative and troubleshooting complexities, and govern all operational aspects of the security infrastructure, including centralized policy management and enforcement; realtime event monitoring; user activities; application identifications; flow analytics and forensics; compliance and audit reporting; and more.

With GMS workflow automation, all enterprises will gain agility and confidence in deploying the right firewall policies, at the right time and in conformance to compliance regulations. GMS provides a coherent way to manage network security by business processes and service levels, dramatically simplifying lifecycle management of your overall security environments as compared to managing on a device-by-device basis. The NSA series NGFWs combine high-speed intrusion prevention, file and content inspection, and powerful application intelligence and control with an extensive array of advanced networking and flexible configuration features.

The NSA series offers an affordable platform that is easy to deploy and manage in a wide variety of large, branch office and distributed network environments. Maximum performance based on RFC for firewall. Actual performance may vary depending on network conditions and activated services. Testing done with multiple flows through multiple port pairs. All specifications, features and availability are subject to change. An upgrade over CGSS, this package features Capture Advanced Threat Protection ATP , a multi-engine sandbox that runs and inspects suspicious files, programs and code in an isolated cloud-based environment.

Combine security, productivity and support in a single, bundled solution that lowers TCO. Block the latest blended threats — including viruses, spyware, worms, Trojans, software vulnerabilities and other malicious code. Guarantee bandwidth prioritization and ensure maximum network security and productivity with granular policies for both groups and users.

The result is higher security effectiveness, faster response times and a lower total cost of ownership. Gain a cost-effective, easy-to-manage way to enforce protection and productivity policies, and block inappropriate, unproductive and dangerous web content in educational, business or government environments.

You get the ideal combination of control and flexibility to ensure the highest levels of protection and productivity, which you can configure and control from your network security appliance, eliminating the need for a costly, dedicated filtering solution.

Extend enforcement of your internal policies to devices located outside the firewall perimeter by blocking unwanted internet content with the content filtering client. Extend the enforcement of web policies in IT-issued devices outside the network perimeter.

This combines the hardware and services needed for comprehensive network protection from viruses, spyware, worms, Trojans, key loggers and more — without the complexity of building your own security package. Rapidly deploy your spam firewall software with one-click activation of up to users. You can redirect any user with a non-compliant endpoint to a web page to install the latest Enforced Client Anti-Virus and Anti-Spyware software. Provide automatically updated security definitions to the endpoint as soon as they become available.

Plus, you can automate enforcement to minimize administrative overhead. Open All Close All. Network Security Appliance Series Overview: Easy deployment, setup and ongoing management Tightly integrated solution Centralized management Scalability through multiple hardware platforms Low total cost of ownership. Reassembly-Free Deep Packet Inspection RFDPI This high-performance, proprietary and patented inspection engine performs stream-based bi-directional traffic analysis, without proxying or buffering, to uncover intrusion attempts, malware and identify application traffic regardless of port.

Bi-directional inspection Scans for threats in both inbound and outbound traffic simultaneously to ensure that the network is not used to distribute malware, and does not become a launch platform for attacks in case an infected machine is brought inside. Stream-based inspection Proxy-less and non-buffering inspection technology provides ultra-low latency performance for DPI of millions of simultaneous network streams without introducing file and stream size limitations, and can be applied on common protocols as well as raw TCP streams.

Highly parallel and scalable The unique design of the RFDPI engine works with the multi-core architecture to provide high DPI throughput and extremely high new session establishment rates to deal with traffic spikes in demanding networks. Single-pass inspection A single-pass DPI architecture simultaneously scans for malware, intrusions and for application identification, drastically reducing DPI latency and ensuring that all threat information is correlated in a single architecture.

Firewall and Networking Feature: Threat API All the firewall to receive and leverage any and all proprietary, original equipment manufacturer and third-party intelligence feeds to combat advanced threats such as zero-day, malicious insider, compromised credentials, ransomware and advanced persistent threats.

Stateful Packet Inspection All network traffic is inspected, analyzed and brought into compliance with firewall access policies. With the latest SonicOS 6. Policy-based routing Creates routes based on protocol to direct traffic to a preferred WAN connection with the ability to fail back to a secondary WAN in the event of an outage.

Advanced QoS Guarantees critical communications with Biometric Authentication Supports mobile device authentication such as fingerprint recognition that cannot be easily duplicated or shared to securely authenticate the user identity for network access.

Management and Reporting Feature: Global Management System SonicWall GMS monitors, configures and reports on multiple SonicWall appliances through a single management console with an intuitive interface, reducing management costs and complexity. Virtual Private Networking Feature: Auto-provision VPN Simplifies and reduces complex distributed firewall deployment down to a trivial effort by automating the initial siteto-site VPN gateway provisioning between SonicWall firewalls while security and connectivity occurs instantly and automatically.

Route-based VPN The ability to perform dynamic routing over VPN links ensures continuous uptime in the event of a temporary VPN tunnel failure, by seamlessly re-routing traffic between endpoints through alternate routes. GeoIP country traffic identification Identifies and controls network traffic going to or coming from specific countries to either protect against attacks from known or suspected origins of threat activity, or to investigate suspicious traffic originating from the network.

Ability to create custom country and Botnet lists to override an incorrect country or Botnet tag associated with an IP address. Eliminates unwanted filtering of IP addresses due to misclassification.

Regular Expression DPI filtering Prevents data leakage by identifying and controlling content crossing the network through regular expression matching. Multi-engine sandboxing The multi-engine sandbox platform, which includes virtualized sandboxing, full system emulation, and hypervisor level analysis technology, executes suspicious code and analyzes behavior, providing comprehensive visibility to malicious activity.

Block until verdict To prevent potentially malicious files from entering the network, files sent to the cloud for analysis can be held at the gateway until a verdict is determined. Encrypted Threat Prevention Feature: SSL decryption and inspection Decrypts and inspects SSL traffic on the fly, without proxying, for malware, intrusions and data leakage, and applies application, URL and content control policies in order to protect against threats hidden in SSL encrypted traffic Included with security subscriptions for all models except SOHO.

Sold as a separate license on SOHO. Countermeasure-based protection Tightly integrated intrusion prevention system IPS leverages signatures and other countermeasures to scan packet payloads for vulnerabilities and exploits, covering a broad spectrum of attacks and vulnerabilities. The new updates take immediate effect without any reboot or service interruption required. Intra-zone IPS protection Bolsters internal security by segmenting the network into multiple security zones with intrusion prevention, preventing threats from propagating across the zone boundaries.

Botnet command and control CnC detection and blocking Identifies and blocks command and control traffic originating from bots on the local network to IPs and domains that are identified as propagating malware or are known CnC points. Zero-day protection Protects the network against zero-day attacks with constant updates against the latest exploit methods and techniques that cover thousands of individual exploits.

Anti-evasion technology Extensive stream normalization, decoding and other techniques ensure that threats do not enter the network undetected by utilizing evasion techniques in Layers CloudAV malware protection A continuously updated database of over 17 million threat signatures resides in the SonicWall cloud servers and is referenced to augment the capabilities of the onboard signature database, providing RFDPI with extensive coverage of threats.

Around-the-clock security updates New threat updates are automatically pushed to firewalls in the field with active security services, and take effect immediately without reboots or interruptions.

But people who consciously use strong end-to-end encryption to protect their data still represent a minority of the Internet-using population. There are a number of reasons for this: Some believe encryption is too complicated to use. Or they think the intelligence agency experts are already so many steps ahead of them that they can crack any encryption program. As one document from the Snowden archive shows, the NSA had been unsuccessful in attempts to decrypt several communications protocols, at least as of In the process, the NSA cryptologists divided their targets into five levels corresponding to the degree of the difficulty of the attack and the outcome, ranging from "trivial" to "catastrophic.

Monitoring a document's path through the Internet is classified as "trivial. Things first become troublesome at the fourth level. Tor, otherwise known as The Onion Router, is free and open source software that allows users to surf the web through a network of more than 6, linked volunteer computers.

The software automatically encrypts data in a way that ensures that no single computer in the network has all of a user's information. For surveillance experts, it becomes very difficult to trace the whereabouts of a person who visits a particular website or to attack a specific person while they are using Tor to surf the Web. Truecrypt's developers stopped their work on the program last May, prompting speculation about pressures from government agencies.

Both are programs whose source code can be viewed, modified, shared and used by anyone. Experts agree it is far more difficult for intelligence agencies to manipulate open source software programs than many of the closed systems developed by companies like Apple and Microsoft.

Since anyone can view free and open source software, it becomes difficult to insert secret back doors without it being noticed. Transcripts of intercepted chats using OTR encryption handed over to the intelligence agency by a partner in Prism -- an NSA program that accesses data from at least nine American internet companies such as Google, Facebook and Apple -- show that the NSA's efforts appear to have been thwarted in these cases: Things become "catastrophic" for the NSA at level five - when, for example, a subject uses a combination of Tor, another anonymization service, the instant messaging system CSpace and a system for Internet telephony voice over IP called ZRTP.

ZRTP, which is used to securely encrypt conversations and text chats on mobile phones, is used in free and open source programs like RedPhone and Signal. Also, the "Z" in ZRTP stands for one of its developers, Phil Zimmermann, the same man who created Pretty Good Privacy, which is still the most common encryption program for emails and documents in use today.

Phil Zimmermann wrote PGP in The American nuclear weapons freeze activist wanted to create an encryption program that would enable him to securely exchange information with other like-minded individuals.

His system quickly became very popular among dissidents around the world. Given its use outside the United States, the US government launched an investigation into Zimmermann during the s for allegedly violating the Arms Export Control Act. Prosecutors argued that making encryption software of such complexity available abroad was illegal. Zimmermann responded by publishing the source code as a book, an act that was constitutionally protected as free speech.

PGP continues to be developed and various versions are available today. The fact is that hackers obsessed with privacy and the US authorities have a lot more in common than one might initially believe. Tor deanonymization is obviously high on the list of NSA priorities, but the success achieved here seems limited.

One GCHQ document from even mentions trying to decrypt the agencies' own use of Tor -- as a test case. To a certain extent, the Snowden documents should provide some level of relief to people who thought nothing could stop the NSA in its unquenchable thirst to collect data.

It appears secure channels still exist for communication. Nevertheless, the documents also underscore just how far the intelligence agencies already go in their digital surveillance activities.

Internet security comes at various levels -- and the NSA and its allies obviously are able to "exploit" -- i. One example is virtual private networks VPN , which are often used by companies and institutions operating from multiple offices and locations. A VPN theoretically creates a secure tunnel between two points on the Internet. All data is channeled through that tunnel, protected by cryptography. When it comes to the level of privacy offered here, virtual is the right word, too.

The following fingerprint for Xkeyscore, the agency's powerful spying tool, was reported to be tested and working against the service:. According to an NSA document dating from late , the agency was processing 1, requests an hour to decrypt VPN connections. This number was expected to increase to , per hour by the end of The aim was for the system to be able to completely process "at least 20 percent" of these requests, meaning the data traffic would have to be decrypted and reinjected.

In other words, by the end of , the NSA's plans called for simultaneously surveilling 20, supposedly secure VPN communications per hour. VPN connections can be based on a number of different protocols.

Both seem to pose few problems for the NSA spies if they really want to crack a connection. Experts have considered PPTP insecure for some time now, but it is still in use in many commercial systems. Using a number of different programs, they claim to have succeeded in penetrating numerous networks. Another success touted is the NSA's surveillance of the internal communications of diplomats and government officials from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkey.

Ipsec as a protocol seems to create slightly more trouble for the spies. Just because your field might be behind does NOT change your game time. Roster Checks may be done at anytime during the tournament. To be in strict accordance with NSA team dress code.

Umpire judgment calls are final. If protest is ruled in your favor, your money will be returned. Local information links available.

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